OBJECTIVES OF STUDY
Of note, meal-skipping was more prevalent among those who smoked more, drank more alcohol, were more food insecure, who ate less nutritious food, had more snacks, and took in less energy overall.
This study isn’t comprehensive enough to determine if meal skipping actually causes earlier death, only that there’s an association worthy of further research. It’s possible that other factors are involved, affecting both eating habits and mortality risk.
That said, the research team did adjust their findings to account for variations in numerous dietary and lifestyle factors, including smoking, alcohol use, physical activity levels, energy intake, diet quality, and food insecurity – and the link was still there.
Prior studies in Spain also showed and increased risk of poor cardiac outcomes in those that routinely skipped breakfast. It would appear that planning 3 meals a day in 10-12 hours of an eating window spaced out 4-5 hours apart is the optimal timing for health.